Axial and Radial Material Flow Analysis in Infeed Rotary Swaging of Tubes (2018)

Liu, Y.; Herrmann, M.; Schenck, C.; Kuhfuß, B.

5th International Conference on New Forming Technology (ICNFT 2018), September 18-21, 2018, Bremen


In rotary swaging – an incremental cold forming production technique to reduce the diameter of axisymmetric parts – the material flow can be assumed to be predominantly axial and radial. The actual ratio of this axial and radial flow influences the mechanical properties and especially in tube forming the final geometry. It is known that during mandrel free infeed rotary swaging of tubes the wall thickness changes. The change is depending on the process parameters like incremental and cumulated strain. Hence, the ratio of axial and radial material flow changes. Consequently, the analysis of the wall thickness of rotary swaged tubes enables fundamental insight how to control the material flow direction. In this study, the infeed rotary swaging process of steel tubes with different wall thicknesses from 3 mm to 7 mm and rods were investigated with FEM under two feed velocities. The axial and radial material flow and the resulting geometry were studied by the relative wall thickness compared with initial wall thickness. It could be seen that the relative wall thickness is affected by feed velocity as well as the initial wall thickness. The findings of the simulation were validated by rotary swaging experiments.